THE ARSENAL OF EXCLUSION & INCLUSION
101 Things that Open?and Close the City. 50 leading experts provide tools for analyzing how the Open City is made and unmade.
Urban History 101 teaches us that the built environment is not the product of invisible, uncontrollable market forces, but of human-made tools that could have been used differently (or not at all). The Arsenal of Exclusion & Inclusion is an encyclopedia of the human-made tools used by architects, planners, policy-makers, developers, real estate brokers, activists, and other urban actors in the United States to restrict or increase access to the spaces of our cities and suburbs. The Arsenal of Exclusion & Inclusion inventories these tools—or what we call weapons—examines how they have been used, and speculates about how they might be deployed (or retired) to make more open cities in which more people feel welcome in more spaces.